When a strain needs attention

by (Physiotherapist and Clinical Pilates Instructor)

What is a muscle strain?

A muscle strain occurs when there is damage to a muscle fibre. This can occur in any part of the body. There are three grades of strain, ranging from minimal damage to a few muscle fibres to a complete muscle tear. A grade 1 muscle strain can usually be well managed without seeking further attention.

How do you get a strain?

Tight, inflexible muscles are prone to strains. That is why warming up/down and stretching is so important. Poor body mechanics, such as running style, posture or muscle imbalance, can also put you at risk of a strain.

Rules of Thumb:

Gr 1 strain

Gr 2 strain

Gr 3 strain

  • Pain with stretching
  • Resisted muscle contraction
  • Unable to continue activity
  • Difficulty weight bearing
  • Pain on muscle contraction and stretch
  • Decreased range of movement
  • Moderate swelling/redness
  • Initial severe pain
  • Unable to weight bear
  • Rapid onset swelling
  • Pain with, and severe loss of, movement
  • ‘Popping’/’snapping’ sound
  • Rest-Ice-Compress-Elevate
  • Gentle stretching
  • Static exercises
  • Ease back in to sport
  • RICE
  • Gentle stretching
  • Static exercises
  • May require gentle anti-inflammatory medication
  • RICE

If does not resolve within one week, Seek Attention

Seek Attention

Seek Attention


What we can help with at STSM:

  • Assess body and movement posture/technique
  • Appropriate exercise program to return to sport and prevent further injuries
  • Soft tissue massage and stretching
  • Education for self-management
  • Refer for additional investigation as required

Contact us today if you feel your strain needs attention.

by (Physiotherapist and Clinical Pilates Instructor) on 6th March 2014 |

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